General: the English architects converted form the Gothic era to the Renaissance. but their architecture were becoming more eclectic. The English Renaissance pulls more elements from French than Italian. Around this time They were experiencing war, plagues, and internal strife. There were struggles between the royal houses because of rulership disputes.
Motifs and characteristics:Included heraldic symbols, strapwork, busts, Tudor roses, vines, acanthus, arcades, and cabochons (rounded convex form resembling a gemstone)
Disclaimer: This image is used as an example to illustrate what a cabochon looks like in general.
They were concerned with order, regularity, and emphasis on proportions. In their architecture, their rooflines and silhouettes remained picturesque. They used French and Italian motifs and elements.
Tudor: Late Gothic and Romanesque mixtures. Symmetry and order were found but not dominating.
Elizabethan: Foreign Influence. Regularity, symmetry, and mixed classical and mannerist. Lavish interior decor.
Jacobean: Follows the Elizabethan patters with stylistic characteristics. demoted individuality. Simple furniture and detractive interiors.
Inigo Jones: introduces classicism though interior AND exterior application. His work has little influence outside of the royal court.
Architecture and Buildings:
Tudor style: their exteriors became more outward looking. The facades are irregular in height, design, and movement. had forms of military architecture. half-timber construction was used in urban and rural construction.
Elizabethan style: horizontal emphasis and regularity in the lower portion f the buildings. their roofs were irregular and had added components such as balustrades, pinnacles, lanterns, towers, parapets, and chimneys. their chimneys were similar to the French style.
Jacobean style: they had more stylistic elements than the Elizabethan style. they were foreign influenced than other periods. Towers, parapets, and turrets defined their rooflines. In contrast to the Elizabethan style, the Jacobean style were a little more simplified.
During the Tudor and Elizabethan periods their floor plans centers around a quadrangular courtyard. The Jacobean and Elizabethan period their courtyards were more in a rectangular, U, H, E-shape. their rooms varies in size according to the significance of the house.
Their exterior materials are brick and stone incorporated into their half-timbered homes.
Interiors: their colors were typically high in saturation. Having white walls were common. ceilings are blue or white. (with th exception of the Inigo style which had a white or light color). Their floors were brick, marble, or wood. they had wood wall panels.
Like the French their chimneys were the focal point. their windows were rectangular, bays, or oriels. glass was rarely used because of expense, so blinds were the alternative. their doors had wainscoting to match the panels.
Tudor style: had a medieval and somber tone. they had limited classical details initially but gradually became more lively using colorful furnishings and textiles.
Elizbethan style: They had extravagant interiors and highly saturated colors. they had detailed interiors compared to the tutor period.
Jacobean style: followed the Elizabethan style but incorporated more Mannerist elements. it was classically proportioned compared to the Inigo Jones style which was more architecturally detailed than surface and color decoration.
Furniture and Decoration:
Tudor: similar to medieval furniture. Renaissance elements mixed in with gothic elements.
Elizabethan: Massive and heavy furniture. rich carvings and inlays. Flemish influence and classical elements.
Jacobean: Follows the Elizabethan furniture style but it is a little more simple. and an increase in upholstery. early rooms had limited use of furniture.